Useful information about Your travel in Italy
When to go: Italy’s climate is one of the best in the world. Summers are dry, winters mild, springs and autumn colourful seasons. So the best time to visit Italy can be from the beginning of April to the end of October. In August and July the beaches locations are crowded but if you are interested in visiting some cities in this period it could be a good chance to escape the traffic and the crowds of the cities.
Temperatures: Central Italy in general has an average temperature starting from a minimum of 14-15 C° in April up to 25-26 C° in summer (August and July). Of course these averages are not valid for particular areas (seaside or mountains) where the values can be different.
Money: Italy, as many European countries, from 2002 has Euro currency. Euro is issued in pieces of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 Euro bills and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 cents and 1,2 Euro coins.
Banks and payments: you can easily pay with international credit cards in Italy, but in some small towns or countryside areas credit cards may not to be accepted. For this reason, once you are in Italy, we suggest to go to a money change office or in a bank (Bank hours: 8,30 AM to 1,30 PM and usually 2,30 PM to 3,00 / 3,30 PM open
from Monday to Friday).
Post Offices: have similar work-hours , they are open from 8,00 PM to 2,00 PM. At the post office you can buy stamps (you can do this in a tobacco shop, too) and send packages. For other expeditions or money transfer there are some specific points (Western Union, Mailboxes stores…).
Health: The place to buy medicines is the Pharmacy (farmacia) generally signed with a green luminous cross. But if you are experiencing a serious medical problem, you may need to call a local
doctor or medical guard or go directly to the public hospital (in case of emergency these are the numbers to dial: Ambulance/Medical: dial 118, Police-General emergency: 112/113, Fire, disasters: 115.
Documents: if you are an European citizens from a country belonging to EC, an identity card is enough, while for all of the others citizens a valid passport is required. Driving licenses and other traffic documents valid in other countries are recognized as valid in Italy.
Distances: are indicated in kilometres (1 km = 0.621 miles). An international insurance certificate is required for citizens from non-EC countries. Fastening seat belts in both front and rear seats is obligatory, speed limits are indicated with circle red and white signals. In a highway (signed by big green signposts like A1, A2, Autostrade, etc…), speed limit is 130 km/h when it’s dry weather.
When it is rainy or foggy weather limit is lower (110 km/h and even 60 km/h if there is too fog). Payment (at the toll gate) is due for Highway roads transit, to learn more about it visit this website:
Tourist information: once you are in Italy it is suggested to search for a tourist information point (in general indicated by the letter “i” in a yellow or brown signposts). These offices are a useful place to get local maps or tourist brochures and moreover to have information about car rental and other services.
Electricity: the voltage used in Italy is 220 Volts. Many accommodations, especially those placed in the biggest cities, provide in their rooms Satellite TV and phone line. There are public phones, too, and a large part of the country is supplied by the 4G or 5G signals, so if you have a mobile phone is not hard to make or receive a call. Some Internet points are available all over the country and near or inside train stations.
Public holidays in Italy: January 1st New Year’s Day / January 6th Epiphany / Easter Monday / April 25th Liberation Day / May 1st Labour Day, June 2nd Anniversary of the Republic / August 15th Assumption of the Virgin / November 1st All Saints Day / December 8th Immaculate Conception / December 25th Christmas Day/ December 26th St Stephen’s Day.
Accommodation types: Italy offers different types of lodgings and accommodations: Hotels (classified by international ranking with stars), Bed and breakfasts (they usually provide a nightly stay and breakfast service), Farm holidays (farmhouses or agritourisms, a type of lodging usually placed in a country position or just out of a town, which generally provides rooms or apartments, they can offer meals, typical self-production foods, or simple breakfast). They often offer some facilities like swimming pool, horsemanship and mountain bikes rental. Some of them also provide sauna, fitness room and massages services. Other accommodations you can find in Italy are Holiday houses (private homes offering self-catering vacation), Historic inns (high quality
and luxury services) and private Villas for rent.
Restaurants and other places: Italy offers a large variety of restaurants, the cheapest place to eat are the Pizzerias (in this place you can enjoy one of the most popular Italian food: pizza) and the international fast-food (mainly in the biggest cities) while the most expensive ones are the gourmet-restaurants, generally placed in the big cities downtowns. For those who love Espresso (Italian coffee) there are thousands bars (coffee). For those who love Italian wines, we suggest to ask a local person for an Enoteca or Wine-bar.
Transportations: In central Italy the most important airport is Fiumicino-Leonardo da Vinci (near Rome), but
there are also other airports in Florence, Pisa, Ancona, Ciampino (Rome), Perugia. For land transportations you can use the public buses, trains or the taxi-cab.
Trains services and timetables info can be easily find here: https://www.trenitalia.com/en.html
Where to go: Since Italy became a unified state only in 1861 the result is that Italians generally feel more loyalty to their region than the nation. The evidence is that every region has different cuisines, landscape, architectures and slang. Italy offers several reason to visit its territories and areas. It is divided into 3 different macro-areas, the north, the center and the south.
The North of Italy is the part of the country most cosmopolitan and riched. Piemonte (Torino, the main city), Lombardia (Milano, the main city) and Veneto (the region of Venice) are probably the richest regions. For the ski and mountains lovers the Alps are a must so that the famous lakes of Como, Maggiore and Garda. If you like the seaside probably the best choice in the north of Italy are the “Riviera” (Liguria region) with the unique “Cinque terre” or the Riviera Romagnola (Rimini, Riccione) in Emilia Romagna region.
Top destinations and attractions in North of Italy:
Valle d’Aosta: Courmayer, Monte Bianco and The Gran Paradiso national park
Piemonte: Torino (Egyptian Museum, Royal Residences) the Langhe and Roero district, Sestriere and Bardonecchia (famous ski locations in the Alps), Lake Orta.
Liguria: Genova and its old harbour, Portofino, Sanremo and the Cinque Terre.
Lombardia: Milano (Duomo, Castello Sforzesco, The Leonardo da Vinci Cenacolo), Mantova, Lakes of Como, Iseo, Garda and Maggiore, Valtellina and Valcamonica, Bergamo.
Trentino Alto Adige: Trento, Madonna di Campiglio (ski location in the Alps), the Stelvio national park, Merano.
Veneto: Venice and its lagoon, Padua (Basilica di S.Antonio, The chapel of Scrovegni), Verona, Cortina d’Ampezzo and the Dolomiti mountains, the “Ville Venete of Palladio”, the riviera del Garda.
Friuli Venezia Giulia: Trieste (the Miramare Castle), Aquileia (cathedral)
Emilia Romagna: Bologna (“the city of towers”), Ferrara, Parma, Ravenna, Modena (Museo Ferrari), the regional park of Delta del Po.
Central Italy represents the most commonly perceived image of the country probably because is the area of Florence, (The “Renaissance cradle”) and Rome (Italy’s capital and a world famous symbol of the Roman Empire and seat of the Vatican). Moreover Tuscany and Umbria regions are some of the best places for the countryside lovers with variety of landscape and unspoiled rural provinces.
Top destinations and attractions in Central Italy:
Tuscany: Florence (Duomo, Ponte vecchio, the Uffizi), Siena (Duomo and Piazza Grande) , Lucca, Carrara (marble quarries), Arezzo, Versilia and maremma coasts, Chianti district and Valdorcia.
Umbria: Perugia and Trasimeno lake, Assisi (St.Francis birthplace and basilica), Orvieto (Duomo, St.Patrick well and etruscan sites), the Marmore Waterfalls (the highest in Europe), Castelluccio di Norcia.
Lazio: Rome and the Vatican (San Pietro), the Tuscia district (Viterbo, Civita di Bagnoregio, Bolsena lake), Tivoli (Villa Adriana and Villa d’Este), Gaeta, Sperlonga (The Riviera di Ulisse).
Marche: Urbino, Pesaro, Ascoli Piceno, The Frasassi caves, the Conero national park.
Abruzzo: L’Aquila, Sulmona and the Majella historic train, Gran Sasso and Abruzzo national park.
The South of Italy (and islands) begins south of Rome and its famous and appreciated for its culture, folklore and wonderful coasts: the landscape and seaside of the Puglia (Salento and Gargano), Campania (Amalfi, Sorrento, Positano), Sardegna and Sicily are an unforgettable mix of nature and art.
Top destinations and attractions in Souht of Italy:
Campania: Naples, Pompei, Paestum and Ercolano (archaeological sites), Capri and Ischia islands, Caserta (the Reggia), the Costiera Amalfitana (Amalfi, Ravello) and the Costiera Sorrentina (Sorrento, Positano).
Molise: Termoli (Castello Svevo)
Puglia: Bari (the old city), Otranto, Ostuni, Alberobello, Castel del Monte, the Gargano, Lecce (baroque city) and Salento coasts, Tremiti islands.
Basilicata: Matera (one of the oldest city in the world), the Gravine natural canyon.
Calabria: National park of Sila and Aspromonte, Tropea
Sicily: Palermo, Catania, The Etna volcano, the district of Val di Noto , Agrigento (the valley of temples), Taormina, the Eolie islands, the Pelagie islands (Lampedusa).
Sardegna: the Costa Smeralda and the Maddalena, Barumini archaeological site, the exclusive Porto Rotondo and Porto Cervo, Cagliari.
Italy holds 55 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.